Marvel at the ancient Champa architecture of Chien Dan Tower in Quang Nam

July 15, 2020 4 mins to read

Chien Dan Tower isn’t just a famous tourist spot; it’s a magnet for scholars delving into the unique culture and architecture of the ancient Champa people.

Among the bustling attractions like VinWonders Nam Hoi An, Phuc Kien Assembly Hall, and the iconic Japanese Covered Bridge, Chien Dan Tower stands out as one of Quang Nam’s ideal tourist destinations. With a history spanning thousands of years, this site holds historical significance and cultural and architectural value. If you plan a trip to Hoi An-Quang Nam, this is a must-visit spot! For further exploration and insights into Vietnam’s rich heritage, consider visiting

1. Where is Chien Dan Cham Tower located?

When you think of Quang Nam, the charming ancient town of Hoi An likely comes to mind. However, this region offers much more to explore and experience, such as the mystical My Son Sanctuary, Cu Lao Cham Island, and Chien Dan Tower.

Visitors can delve into the culture and history dating back thousands of years at Chien Dan Tower. Also known as the Champa Tower in Quang Nam or the towers of the Champa people, it sits in Chien Dan Village, Tam An Commune, Tam Ky Town, Quang Nam Province.

2. Exploring the history and significance of Chien Dan Tower, Quang Nam

2.1. Origin of Chien Dan Tower

Built from the late 9th to the early 10th century, the ancient Champa Tower – Chien Dan Tower showcases the distinctive Champa architecture, particularly its body and roof. The southern tower was constructed first, followed by those in the central and northern areas.

Over time, the structure has weathered the elements and wars, yet visitors can still witness its intriguing historical and architectural traces. It was built to honor three renowned gods in Champa culture: Siva, Vishnu, and Brahma.

2.2. The significance of the name Chien Dan Tower

The name “Chien Dan” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Chandan,” meaning sandalwood. This title was bestowed upon the structure with its three towers aligned north to south, all facing east.

3. Unique characteristics of Tam Ky’s Chien Dan Tower

3.1. Architectural beauty reflecting ancient Champa culture

Chien Dan Tower stands as a unique Champa relic in Quang Nam. Its classical appearance resembles the revered My Son Sanctuary and evokes images of ancient Binh Dinh towers with its solemn and graceful presence.

The tower’s roofs maintain the traditional square shape of ancient Champa structures, with pointed arches resembling spearheads. Each building, known as a “Kalan,” bears striking similarities in their parallel arrangement. Intricate carvings of mythical creatures, goddesses, and cultural symbols adorn the towers, while the sturdy foundation boasts meticulous stone craftsmanship.

Thanks to the skilled artisans of ancient Champa, this structure remains an impressive architectural marvel in Quang Nam.

3.2. Preserving valuable artifacts at Chien Dan Tower

Chien Dan Tower has yielded numerous rare artifacts through archaeological excavations. Notably 1989, a sandstone tympanum depicting the goddess Devi with six arms atop a buffalo was unearthed, exuding strength and grandeur.

Furthermore, discoveries in the late 2000s included seated goddess statues, relief carvings of deities, and Brahman ascetic statues.

In addition to exploring Chien Dan Tower, visitors to Tam Ky Town can also venture to nearby attractions in Quang Nam, such as An Bang Beach and Thanh Ha Pottery Village. And don’t forget to indulge in Hoi An’s renowned specialties during your travel journey.

In conclusion, Chien Dan Tower is a captivating testament to the rich cultural heritage and architectural prowess of the ancient Champa civilization in Quang Nam. Its timeless beauty and historical significance continue to enthrall visitors, offering a glimpse into Vietnam’s storied past.

For more in-depth information and resources about Chien Dan Tower and other fascinating destinations in Vietnam, you can visit Explore the wonders of this ancient land, immerse yourself in its history, and embark on a journey of discovery unlike any other. Chien Dan Tower awaits, ready to enchant and inspire all who venture to its hallowed grounds.

Chien Dan Tower is one of the ancient towers of Champa (Image: ST)

The main door of the tower is facing to the east. (Photo: ST)

The South Tower and the North Chien Dan tower are not intact. (Photo: ST)

Reliefs at the base of the tower, vivid depictions of epic Ramayana. (Photo: ST)

Chien Dan dancers’ dances were modeled after those at the church of Tra Kieu. (Photo: ST)

Animals also appear on bas-reliefs. (Photo: ST)

An ancient stone tablet is built in the tower. (Photo: ST)

Some artifacts remain inside the central tower. (Photo: ST)

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *