In the midst of the fierce years of bombing, no one would have expected that there would be a Gulf of Ton tunnel – a world living and fighting in the underground, completely separate from the outside world. Let’s visit VietNampeace and learn this extremely unique project!
Where is the Tonkin Tunnels?
Vinh Moc tunnel is located in Vinh Moc hamlet, Vinh Thach commune, Vinh Linh district, Quang Tri province. If you follow the road from the North to the South along the road on Highway 1A, near the Vinh Linh Martyrs Cemetery, you turn left about 13km to the sea and to Vinh Moc Tunnels. On the lush, shaded bamboo road, few people know that right below their feet is a tunnel system, an “underground” world of the army and people of Vinh Linh during the years of resistance since 1965. to 1972.
Vinh Moc Tunnels – Legend “hero steel” hero
In many revolutionary bases on the Quang Tri “fire ground”, the Vinh Moc tunnel village system is a symbol of the will’s strong will and refuses to back down from his father’s invading enemies. In 1965, Vinh Moc village was completely destroyed under the devastating destruction of the US air and artillery. With the will of “an inch not to go, a glass does not leave”, Vinh Linh army and people have quietly transferred life from the ground to the underground. After 18,000 arduous days of hard work, the soldiers of the Border Guard 140 along with the people of Vinh Moc and Son Ha dug and transported more than 6000m3 of rock to create a massive village tunnel system on a red basalt hill in south of Vinh Moc village, close to the sea.
The entire tunnel structure system has a size of 0.9mx 1.75m, a length of 2,034m, including many branches connected through the main axis of 870m long. The tunnel has 13 doors, of which 6 are connected to the hill, 7 to the sea and 3 to the well. Moreover, the hatches have wooden pillars to prevent collapses and landslides, are disguised disobediently, sloping in the direction of the wind, ensuring ventilation. The ground of the Vinh Moc tunnel is dug 5m above sea level, inclined from 8 – 120 degrees from South to North, from West to East to allow water to drain easily, without being deposited in the tunnel, all activities. It still works normally even during the rainy season. As a result, the clay in the tunnel became more and more rigid, making the Bay Moc tunnel structure still exist almost intact to this day.
This is not just a simple battle village like other constructions, but also an underground living space for soldiers and local people. They have turned the underground into strong fortresses with 3 connected floors. The first floor is 8-10m deep to be used for maneuvering combat and shelter. The second floor is 12 to 15 meters from the ground where the villagers live. The 3rd floor is more than 23m deep, used as a storage of food and weapons for Con Co Island as well as for fighting for the army and the inhabitants of Vinh Moc tunnel .
It can be said that the Vinh Moc Tunnels is an underground village with constructions such as a living water well, a rice warehouse, a Hoang Cam kitchen, a guard station, a telephone station, a clinic, a surgery room, a house. maternity center, bathroom … In particular, along the tunnel cut 1.8m deep and 0.8m wide into small cells, which are rooms for households of 3-4 people can function. Inside the tunnel, there is also a hall used as a meeting place, performing arts, films with a capacity of up to 50 people.
The living space of a family in the tunnel village is re-created (Image: Collectibles)
Maternity ward area, where 17 babies were born (Image: Collectibles)
Vinh Moc Tunnels Tourism
With these great historical values, in 1976, the Ministry of Culture and Information (now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism) specially recognized the Bay Moc Tunnels as historical and cultural relics. national level. In 2014, Vinh Moc Tunnels continues to be recognized as a special national monument. This is one of the attractive destinations of the DMZ tour (non-military region) and attracts many tourists to visit and learn. In the relics area, there is also the Bay Moc Tunnels Museum where exhibits of war remnants, especially the famous painting To Be Or Not To Be (Existence or non-existence).
Many international tourists visiting and visiting the Bay Moc Tunnels are surprised by the unique works (Photo: Collectibles)
Vinh Moc Tunnels – a very unique building in the Quang Tri fire ground is a cultural and historical relic with many great historical and educational values, a symbol of the immortal patriotism and the will to strike. his father’s fortitude and creativity during the years of resistance.